Short Histroy about Artificial Intelligence

An Artificial Intelligence became increasingly more tangible throughout the 1700s and beyond.
From the 1950s forward, many scientists, programmers, logicians, and theorists aided in solidifying the modern understanding of artificial intelligence as a whole.
Following are some milestones in the history of AI which defines the journey from the AI generation to till date development:-

  • In 1950, Alan Turing proposed the idea of the imitation Game – a question that considered if machines can think? This proposal later became "The Turing Test", which measured machine (artificial) intelligence.
    Turing’s development tested a machine’s ability to think as a human would.

  • In 1956, a group of scientists (John Mc Carthy, Marvin Minsky, Nathaneil Rochester, Claude Shannon) from different background has submit a research project on Artificial Intelligence. The word "Artificial Intelligence" first adopted by American Computer scientist John McCarthy at the Dartmouth Conference.

  • In 1959, Samuel coined the term “machine learning” when speaking about programming a computer to play a game of chess better than the human who wrote its program.

  • In 1965, Joseph Weizenbaum, computer scientist and professor, developed "ELIZA", an interactive computer program that could functionally converse in English with a person. The goal was to demonstrate how communication between an artificially intelligent mind versus a human mind was “superficial,”.

  • In 1966, 'Shakey' the first general purpose mobile robot was developed by Charles Rosen with the help of 11 others. It also known as the “first electronic person".

  • In 1970, WABOT-1, the first anthropomorphic robot, was built in Japan at Waseda University. Its features included moveable limbs, ability to see, and ability to converse.

  • In 1997, Super Computer 'DEEP BLUE' was designed which defeated the World chess champion in a game. This was the first time when a computer uses logics.
  • In 1980, WABOT-2 was built at Waseda University. This inception of the WABOT allowed the humanoid to communicate with people as well as read musical scores and play music on an electronic organ.

  • In 1986, Mercedes-Benz built and released a driverless van equipped with cameras and sensors. It was able to drive up to 55 mph on a road with no other obstacles nor human drivers.

  • In 1999, Sony introduced AIBO (Artificial Intelligence RoBOt). Its features included the ability to understand and respond to 100+ voice commands and communicate with its human owner.

  • In 2000, Honda releases ASIMO, an artificially intelligent humanoid robot.

  • In 2002, the first commercial Robotic Vaccum cleaner "Roomba" was developed that cleans while avoiding obstacles

  • Fom 2005, many AI enabled systems worked such as Speech recognition, Dancing robots, Smart homes, Driver-less Cars etc.

  • In 2010, Microsoft launched Kinect for Xbox 360, the first gaming device that tracked human body movement using a 3D camera and infrared detection.

  • In 2011, Watson, a natural language question answering computer created by IBM, defeated two former Jeopardy! champions, Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter, in a televised game.

  • In 2011, Apple released Siri, a virtual assistant on Apple iOS operating systems. Siri uses a natural-language user interface to infer, observe, answer, and recommend things to its human user. It adapts to voice commands and projects an “individualized experience” per user.

  • In 2014, Microsoft released Cortana, their version of a virtual assistant similar to Siri on iOS.
    Amazon created Amazon Alexa, a home assistant that developed into smart speakers that function as personal assistants.

  • In 2016, A humanoid robot named "Sophia" is created by Hanson Robotics. She is known as the first “robot citizen in Dubai.” Sophia is just like an actual human being, with her ability to see (image recognition), make facial expressions, and communicate through AI.
    In 2016, Google released Google Home, a smart speaker that uses AI to act as a “personal assistant” to help users remember tasks, create appointments, and search for information by voice.